Δευτέρα, 16 Απριλίου 2012

PyScripter help file not working for network installations

If you are running PyScripter from a network drive, then depending on the security settings of your machine, you may not be able to see the contents of the help file.  This is a general issue affecting all CHM files and not PyScripter specific.  This article from Microsoft explains the issue and provides a solution involving editing the registry to register the help file. 

Since editing the Windows registry is always tricky I recommend the following

  • Download hhreg.zip from EC-Software.
  • Expand and run hhreg.exe.
  • Add PyScripter.chm to the list of Network files and folders and you are done.

Παρασκευή, 23 Μαρτίου 2012

PyScripter v2.5.3 released

PyScripter version 2.5.3 was released at http://pyscripter.googlecode.com.  This is another bug-fix release.  It fixes two issues in version 2.5.

  • Unit test discovery was broken 
  • Find in files was broken in the x64 version.

See previous post for the new features and bug fixes in version 2.5

Δευτέρα, 19 Μαρτίου 2012

PyScripter v2.5.1 released

PyScripter version 2.5.1 was released at http://pyscripter.googlecode.com.  This just a bug-fix release.  It fixes two issues in version 2.5.

  • Word-wrap in the editor caused problems
  • Navigation with the Code Explorer was broken.

See previous post for the new features and bug fixes in version 2.5.

Κυριακή, 18 Μαρτίου 2012

PyScripter v2.5 released

PyScripter version 2.5 was released at http://pyscripter.googlecode.com

Παρασκευή, 9 Μαρτίου 2012

Please let me interrupt you

The standard way of interrupting a long running script in a Python shell is to press Ctrl+C which signals a keyboard interrupt and the interpreter raises a KeyboardInterrupt exception.  I was trying for a while to find a way to raise a KeyboardInterrupt execption at the remote python engine without much success.  The way IDLE handles this, is by running a separate thread in the server, which waits for such a signal to arrive from IDLE and then uses the interrupt_main function of the threading module.  I thought that having a separate thread just for this purpose would slow down the execution of scripts and the PyScripter solution of reinitializing the engine was good enough.

Resently, a user has posted an issue about this at PyScripter’s bug tracker and I had another look at the problem.  So I found a solution using Windows API and avoiding run overheads,  For the benefit of Windows hackers I show the code below:

function CtrlHandler( fdwCtrlType : dword): LongBool; stdcall;
begin
  Result := True;
end;

AttachConsole := GetProcAddress (GetModuleHandle ('kernel32.dll'), 'AttachConsole');
if Assigned(AttachConsole) then
try
  OSCheck(AttachConsole(fRemotePython.ServerProcess.ProcessInfo.dwProcessId));
  OSCheck(SetConsoleCtrlHandler(@CtrlHandler, True));
  try
    OSCheck(GenerateConsoleCtrlEvent(CTRL_C_EVENT, 0));
    Sleep(100);
  finally
    OSCheck(SetConsoleCtrlHandler(@CtrlHandler, False));
    OSCheck(FreeConsole);
  end;
except
end;

Note that the CtrlHandler is needed to avoid killing PyScripter itself.  It took me a while to work out this piece of code since, I could not find such code sample (only pieces of the puzzle) in the Internet.  The only solution I found involved injecting code into the server process.

So starting from the forthcoming version 2.5, the Abort command will result in a KeyboardInterrupt exeption in script is run or debugged.  So there is no need to reinitialize the engine to stop a script.  After the script stops you can enter the Post-Mortem mode to see what the script was doing when it received the Keyboard interrupt.

I could have added a shortcut Ctrl+C to the interpreter for raising a Keyboard interrupt, but the Ctrl-C shortcut in GUI applications is associated with the copy command.  So the Abort command will achieve the same thing as pressing Ctrl+C in Python Shell.  When a scrip is stopped at a breakpoint, the Abort command will work as before.

Κυριακή, 5 Φεβρουαρίου 2012

Python unicode string gotcha

Consider the following executed in python’s 2.7 interactive interpreter:

>>> s = u'Ω'
>>> se = s.encode("mbcs")
>>> print s, se
Ω Ω
>>> s == se
True
>>> print s.lower(), se.lower()
ω Ω
>>> s.lower() == se.lower()
False

Bizarre?  Not if you consider that an ansi string has no way of knowing its encoding.  Of course it could try to use the default encoding, but clearly it doesn’t.  Python’s str.lower() does not convert non-ascii characters.  See also a related question at Stackoverflow.

So what all these have to do with PyScripter?  In my previous post,I mentioned that breakpoints did not work in python 2.x when the filename contained non-ascii chars.  For the curious here is what was happening:

  • PyScripter passes unicode filenames to compile, which returns code objects with an ansi filenames.
  • PyScripter passes to the the debugger’s Bdb.set_break the same unicode filenames.
  • The debugger stores breakpoints with filenames converted through os.path.normcase. This function on Windows converts filenames to lowercase.  Since PyScripter passes unicode filenames, the filenames are properly converted to lower case
  • When the debugger checks whether we hit a breakpoint, it uses the frame’s filename, coming from the code object’s filename, which is an ansi string (str).  It converts the filename to lowercase again using the os.path.normcase but now non-ascii chars are not properly converted.
  • The debugger then compares the frame’s filename with the filenames of the stored breakpoints.
  • And as in the code snippet above the lowercase filenames do not match, since unicode.lower() and str.lower() behave differently on non-ascii characters.

As mentioned in the previous post, this has now been fixed.

The dreaded Unicode Encode/Decode Errors

About a third of all bug reports I get for PyScripter relate to using PyScripter with python file paths containing  non-ascii characters.  In such cases a UnicodeEncodeError or UnicodeDecodeError may occur when you run or debug a script or even while PyScripter is trying to provide Code Completion.  In this post I will try to provide a description of the problem and solutions.

All strings, filenames and source code included, inside PyScripter are in unicode.  However the Python compiler infrastructure internally uses in various places encoded strings.  You might have thought, as I did, that Python 3k sorted all this mess.  Even in python 3k, the compile function, on Windows, converts unicode filenames into the default locale encoding (the “mbcs” encoding) and back into unicode.  This is unnecessary and a source of many problems.  For more information see my question at StackOverflow and a related python bug report.  In Python 2.x the compile function accepts unicode filenames, but the code object it generates contains an encoded filename.  So, my first advise is:

Don’t use filenames that cannot be encoded in the default locale encoding, i.e. filenames for which filename.encode(“mbcs”) fails.

This is not a PyScripter issue but a python one and there isn’t much one can do about it.

If you work with filenames containing non-ascii characters that can be encoded in the default locale encoding then the situation is as follows:

  1. Working with Python 3k you should not have any problems.  If you do have, then it is a bug and should be reported.
  2. When you work with python 2.x then you need to modify the file site.py in the Lib subdirectory of the python installation path.  In the function setencoding, change the following statement:
  3. if 0:
        # Enable to support locale aware default string encodings.
        import locale
        loc = locale.getdefaultlocale()
        if loc[1]:
            encoding = loc[1]

    to

    if 1:
        # Enable to support locale aware default string encodings.
        import locale
        loc = locale.getdefaultlocale()
        if loc[1]:
            encoding = loc[1]

    Due to a bug in the current versions 2.4.3 and 2.4.6, breakpoints are not recognized even after modifying site.py.  This has now been fixed and the fix will be available with the next release.

    Note that if you have filenames containing, for example, Chinese characters, which work OK in your computer in which the default locale supports Chinese characters, you may have problems when you move your files to a different computer with a default locale not supporting Chinese characters.